Close up of a red front door
November 7th 2019

What Goes Into Making a Door?

We’re all aware of just how important doors are to the security, curb appeal, and energy efficiency. But how many of us, aside from seasoned DIYers, and door installers, actually know what goes into the construction of a door? Knowing the basic parts of a door can help you in sourcing repairs and general maintenance, as well as surprising friends and family with your newfound knowledge. You’ll also be better equipped when shopping for a replacement door, and can ask for exactly what you need!

Continue reading below to learn about the basic parts of all doors, the unique attributes of energy-efficient doors, and how Burano Doors can help you learn more, and find your perfect replacement door for your Toronto home.

Anatomy of a Hinge Door

Doors come in all shapes, sizes, and materials, but there are several common components that a classic hinge door will share, and that you should be familiar with, whether it’s made of wood, steel, or fibreglass. It should be noted that this isn’t an exhaustive list, and doesn’t account for the hardware of the door, including hinges, locks, and handles, and will have their own additional sets of parts. Let’s break them down one by one here:

  1. Casing (frame)
    This is the exterior frame of the door that supports its weight and is built directly into the wall. The door is then attached to the frame via the hinges. It’s far more than just cosmetic and will provide the outline for your entire replacement door.
  2. Door Jamb
    The door jamb, also known as the ‘legs’ of your door is the vertical part of a door frame that will bear its weight, along with the frame.
  3. Stop(s)
    These are thin strips of wood or other materials located along the jambs to prevent the door from being torn off its hinges, and protect the door frame from excessive force if the door is slammed.
  4. Top Rail
    The horizontal top section of the door, typically found on panelled doors.
  5. Bottom Rail
    The bottom horizontal section of the door, most commonly found on panelled doors.
  6. Lock Stile
    The side of the door where the lock and handle are set.
  7. Lock Set
    The space cut into the door where the lock and knob can be installed, on the lock stile of the door.
  8. Hinge Stile
    The side of the door where the hinges are set.
  9. Threshold
    A possibly decorative element that transitions the door sill to the floor.
  10. Sill
    The bottom-most part of the door frame that will rest directly on the floor.

Depending on the design of your door, other parts may include the panels, mullions, lock rail, and sticking, most often found on doors with more decorative detail. Doors marked as energy efficient, which are gaining in popularity these days, also have some of their own unique additions that give them this specification, as will sliding doors.

Close up of a door handle

Anatomy of a Sliding Door

Unlike their hinged counterparts, sliding doors have their own unique set of parts that allow them to move freely along a track, rather than on a hinge. Let’s take a look at them in more detail:

  1. Rails/Tracks
    These are the base mechanisms that hold the rest of the components, which allow the door to slide open and closed on a fixed track.
  2. Rollers
    These are attached to the hangers and slide along the rail to open and close the door.
  3. Hangers
    These are attached to the door itself and are what connect the door to the rollers.
  4. Stopper
    This prevents the door from sliding off the end of the rails and helps control the motion of the door.

However, there is so much more to choosing a replacement door than standard parts. Energy efficiency is an important consideration for many Toronto homeowners to help keep their home warm in the coming winters, without breaking the bank. But what makes hinge doors, or sliding doors, energy-efficient, and what does this add to their anatomy?

Anatomy of Energy Efficient Doors

Energy-efficient doors again have their own requirements that allow them to meet local standards, on top of those native to each door type. Typically, energy-efficient doors are made of fibreglass or steel, even though hinge doors themselves can be made of wood. Aside from this, there are three other additions to these types of doors to give them this qualification:

  1. Weather Stripping
    This is an additional thin strip of rubber, certain plastics, or a combination of both, that keeps the door sat tight to the frame. This ensures that rain and bugs are kept out, and your heating and air conditioning stay in, thus lowering your energy bill.
  2. Low-e glass inserts
    While glass inserts aren’t necessary for your door, if you plan to include them, you want to make sure they are Low-E, meaning that uses a protective coating to increase the insulator properties of your door and conserve even more energy.
  3. Insulation Foam
    Finally, fibreglass and steel doors are kept hollow to ensure they are light enough for use. Inside, these should include a layer of insulating foam, similar to that used in your walls, that does not conduct heat well. This will help to keep your home well-insulated and energy-efficient.

Now that you’re aware of what it takes to build various door types, how do you choose the right replacement door type for your home, and where should you go to learn more about the parts of your door? That’s where Burano Doors comes into the picture!

Want to Learn More?

Burano Doors can not only help you find the perfect replacement door for your Toronto home, but they can also help you learn more about the parts of your specific door and how to keep them in top shape. Whether you want a hinge door, sliding door, or energy-efficient door, Burano can help you find the perfect replacement, with no parts left behind. Having read this post, you’ll also be able to converse with them more fully about your door and your needs, a true win-win situation!

Contact Burano today to book your free home estimate for your new replacement door!

Posted by Raj Kain
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